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This study was set out to investigate the contents of core competences and their training demands for industrial safety and hygiene professional engineers (ISHPEs). The contents of 7 core and 35 sub-core competences were developed and used to conduct field surveys to safety and health managers (SHMs) from two types of industry of the high-tech and traditional, respectively. Both the “deficiency” of ISHPEs and the “importance” of each investigated sub-core competence were assessed by the SHMs from each selected industry type using a 5-point Likert scale (5: very high; 4: high; 3: moderate; 2: low; 1: very low). We found that 9 out of 35, and 13 out of 35 sub-core competences were “high deficiency” and “high importance”, respectively. The Bayesian decision making process was used to determine the training demand of each investigated sub-core competence. We found that 16 and 14 sub-core competences were determined as “high training demand” for ISHPEs based on judgments made by SHMs of the high-tech and traditional industry, respectively. Among them, 13 were consistently identified by SHMs of the both types should be considered the first priority subjects for conducting on-the-job trainings for ISHPEs.