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An interferometric linear frequency modulated continuous wave (LFMCW) millimetre-wave radar is presented, along with the results of an experiment conducted to study the feasibility of using it in a future millimetre-wave interferometric inverse synthetic aperture radar (InISAR) system. First, a description of the radar is given. Then, the signal processing chain is described, with special attention to the phase unwrapping technique. The interferometric phase is obtained by unwrapping the prominent target's phase in each antenna using a sliding frame processing technique. Cell migration issues in this method are also addressed. Simulations were carried out to illustrate and assess the processing chain and to show the effects of multipath echoes on the height measurement. In the real experiment, the range, speed and height of a moving target were tracked over consecutive inverse synthetic aperture radar (ISAR) image frames, verifying the performance of the whole system.
Date of Publication: January 2011