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A multi-channel cooperative MIMO MAC protocol for wireless sensor networks

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3 Author(s)
Dawei Gong ; Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794, USA ; Miao Zhao ; Yuanyuan Yang

Recently, several multi-channel MAC protocols have been proposed for wireless sensor networks (WSNs) to improve network capacity and boost energy efficiency. In addition, cooperative multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) technique has been shown to be able to significantly enhance the energy efficiency of WSNs if properly configured. However, these two promising techniques have not been jointly utilized in WSNs. In this paper, we explore such a joint design by proposing a novel MAC protocol for WSNs that takes advantage of both multiple channels and cooperative MIMO. Specifically, sensor nodes in a WSN are organized into clusters and each cluster head selects some cooperative nodes to help forward traffic to or receive from other clusters by utilizing cooperative MIMO technique. For intra-cluster communications, different channels are assigned to adjacent clusters to reduce collisions, while for inter-cluster communications, cooperative MIMO links are scheduled to improve energy efficiency and concurrent transmissions are enabled by assigning different channels to them. We carry out extensive simulations and the results demonstrate that the proposed protocol can significantly increase throughput and improve energy efficiency compared to other schemes. For example, for a WSN with 150 nodes in a 250m × 250m field, with five or more available channels, the protocol can achieve over three times saturated throughput while saving up to 17% energy per bit for inter-cluster communications.

Published in:

The 7th IEEE International Conference on Mobile Ad-hoc and Sensor Systems (IEEE MASS 2010)

Date of Conference:

8-12 Nov. 2010