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An energy-efficient clock synchronization protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks

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4 Author(s)
Albu, R. ; LAAS, CNRS, Toulouse, France ; Labit, Y. ; Gayraud, T. ; Berthou, P.

The behavior of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) is nowadays widely analyzed. One of the most important issues is related to their energy consumption, as this has a major impact on the network lifetime. Another important application requirement is to ensure data sensing synchronization, which leads to additional energy consumption as a high number of messages is sent and received at each node. Our proposal consists in implementing a combined synchronization protocol based on the IEEE 1588 standard that was designed for wired networks and the PBS (Pairwise Broadcast Synchronization) protocol that was designed for sensor networks, as none of them is able to provide the needed synchronization accuracy for our application on its own. The main goals of our new synchronization protocol are: to ensure the accuracy of local clocks up to a tenth of a microsecond and to provide an important energy saving. Our results obtained using NS-2 (Network Simulator) show that the performance of our solution (IEEE 1588-PBS) matches our application requirements with regard to the synchronization, with a significant improvement in energy saving.

Published in:

Wireless Days (WD), 2010 IFIP

Date of Conference:

20-22 Oct. 2010