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Anomaly Detection in Nuclear Power Plants via Symbolic Dynamic Filtering

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5 Author(s)
Xin Jin ; Dept. of Mech. & Nucl. Eng., Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA, USA ; Yin Guo ; Sarkar, S. ; Ray, A.
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Tools of sensor-data-driven anomaly detection facilitate condition monitoring of dynamical systems especially if the physics-based models are either inadequate or unavailable. Along this line, symbolic dynamic filtering (SDF) has been reported in literature as a real-time data-driven tool of feature extraction for pattern identification from sensor time series. However, an inherent difficulty for a data-driven tool is that the quality of detection may drastically suffer in the event of sensor degradation. This paper proposes an anomaly detection algorithm for condition monitoring of nuclear power plants, where symbolic feature extraction and the associated pattern classification are optimized by appropriate partitioning of (possibly noise-contaminated) sensor time series. In this process, the system anomaly signatures are identified by masking the sensor degradation signatures. The proposed anomaly detection methodology is validated on the International Reactor Innovative & Secure (IRIS) simulator of nuclear power plants, and its performance is evaluated by comparison with that of principal component analysis (PCA).

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Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:58 ,  Issue: 1 )