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This paper presents a vision tracking system to achieve high recognition performance under dynamic circumstances, using a fuzzy logic controller. The main concept of the proposed system is based on the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) and the opto-kinetic reflex (OKR) of the human eye. To realize the VOR concept, MEMS inertial sensors and encoders are used for robot motion detection. This concept turns the camera towards a selected target, counteracting the robot motion. Based on the OKR concept, the targeting errors are periodically compensated, using vision information. The fuzzy logic controller uses sensor data fusion to detect slip or collision occurrences. To calculate a heading angle of the camera accurately, the output of the fuzzy logic controller and the vision information from the camera are combined, using an extended Kalman filter. The proposed vision tracking system is implemented in a mobile robot and evaluated experimentally. The experimental results are obtained as the tracking and the recognition success rate using a mobile robot. The developed system achieved the excellent tracking and recognition performance during slip or collision occurrences under dynamic circumstances.