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Andreev bound states in superconductor ferromagnet hybrids

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4 Author(s)
Albert S. -H. Lin ; Dept. of Physics, Univ. of Notre Dame, Notre Dame IN, 46556 USA ; Milorad V. Milošević ; François Peeters ; Boldizsár Jankó

We investigate the electronic structure of a superconductor in proximity of nanoscale ferromagnets (SC/FM hybrids) and find that a wide variety of superconducting order parameter landscape can be achieved by varying the parameters and the magnetic state of the nanomagnets. In particular, we propose an energy-angular momentum dispersion ε(l)) with the energy minimum at 1 ≠ 0 in systems with superconductivity suppressed in a ring. This resembles to Landau's energy-momentum dispersion ε(l)) for the roton in superfluid, a dispersion that also exhibits a local minimum at k ≠ 0. We show how such structures will emerge in specific examples SC/FM hybrids and investigate these systems via Ginzburg-Landau and Bogoliubov-de Gennes calculations. Our results show that the low-lying bound states correspond to a non-zero angular momentum. In the presence of injected current, our system becomes analogous to an inverted pendulum, which could be driven towards equilibrium with an AC magnetic field.

Published in:

Electromagnetics in Advanced Applications (ICEAA), 2010 International Conference on

Date of Conference:

20-24 Sept. 2010