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Vehicular ad-hoc networks (VANETs) will enable a wide variety of future inter-vehicle and vehicle-to-roadside applications. These services will span a large range of functionality, such as those supporting vehicular safety, to those used for best-effort roadside advertising. To support this wide range, the IEEE 802.11p standard defines seven communication channels, consisting of a single control channel for safety applications, and six service channels which can be used for other purposes. To allow a single radio interface to support both types of applications, the standard defines a channel coordination mechanism that allows the vehicular radio to alternately access the control and service channels. When this happens it is very important that safety messages are transmitted with high reliability and low latency. Using analytical models, this paper provides a performance evaluation of vehicular safety message delivery. Our results show that the mechanism defined in the standard can satisfy the needed latency requirements, but cannot satisfy the required reliability for safety message delivery.
Date of Conference: 11-13 Oct. 2010