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Different faulty states of a doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) connected to a microgrid are investigated in this paper. First, the simulation model consisting of two DFIGs connected to IEEE 34-bus test feeder for two vector control based was set up to investigate the transient performance of the microgrid. Then, different types of faults of the DFIGs, including partial loss of excitation (PLOE), complete loss of excitation (CLOE), and interturn short circuit (ISC) were analyzed through the simulation model using vector control strategy. The experimental results indicate that the active power will increase during the PLOE, and the average increase of the amplitude is about 26%, which will decrease the electromagnetic torque by 8% and increase the voltage at the neighbor node, the stability of the microgrid will be broken eventually. For the CLOE, the active power decreases about 80%, and node voltage decreases by 9.4% due to the inverse absorption of the reactive power. When the ISC occurs, the average node voltage and the active power decrease together. Finally, the suggestion for the detection of the DFIG faults is presented, which could be helpful to protect the DFIG from fault accident.
Date of Publication: July 2011