We report the structural, magnetic, electrical transport properties, and magnetocaloric effect (MCE) of antipervoskite compound AlCMn3. It exhibits a second-order ferromagnetic–paramagnetic phase transition around (TC) 287 K. The electronic resistivity (ρ) shows a good metallic behavior except for a slope change around TC. At lower temperatures (below 130 K), ρ∝T2 indicates that the electron-electron scatterings domain. At evaluated temperatures (130–270 K), ρ is linear dependence on temperature, implying that the phonon scatterings boost up greatly. Furthermore, a broad distribution of the magnetic entropy change (-ΔSM) peak is found to about 100 K with the magnetic field change ΔH=45 kOe. The relative cooling power are ∼137 J/kg and ∼328 J/kg (or ∼68 K2 and ∼162 K2) with ΔH=20 kOe and 45 kOe, respectively. All these values are comparable with the typical MCE associated with a second-order transition. It suggests that AlCMn3 may be considered as a candidate material for near room-temperature magnetic refrigeration because of: (i) the large full width at half peak of the -ΔSM-T curve, (ii) no hysteresis losses, (iii) the near room-temperature working temperature, and (iv) the low-cost and innoxious raw materials. Moreover, it is foun- - d that the simple theoretical model which only considering the magnetoelastic and magnetoelectronic couplings couldn’t account well for the observed MCE in antiperovskite AlCMn3.