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Space-time profiles of an ultrashort pulsed Gaussian beam

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4 Author(s)
Zhongyang Wang ; Inst. of Opt. & Fine Mech., Acad. Sinica, Shanghai, China ; Zhang, Zhengquan ; Zhizhan Xu ; Qiang Lin

By using a different initial value from the previous treatments, we reveal that the pulsed Gaussian beam in free space can be expressed as a simple wave packet along with the complex time, which gives all the information about the spatial and temporal behaviors of the pulse. Then the space-time profiles of a space-time Gaussian pulse are studied. It is shown that even when the pulse propagates in free space, there exist couplings among the beam parameters in space and time. The spot-size-related couplings enlarge the temporal domain (TD) spatial size of the pulse and lessen the carrier frequency of the pulse of the paraxial points, and the wavefront-related couplings bend the transverse spatial shape of the pulse with the wavefront

Published in:

Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:33 ,  Issue: 4 )