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Permittivity measurements of multilayered media with monostatic pulse radar

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1 Author(s)
Spagnolini, U. ; Dipartimento di Elettronica, Politecnico di Milano, Italy

Electromagnetic (EM) inversion is a useful tool for quantitative analysis in short-range applications of pulse radars. To estimate multilayered media properties using monostatic radar, two inverse scattering approaches are discussed: (a) layer-stripping algorithm by exploiting amplitude and time delay of radar echoes after their detection, and (b) EM inverse problem of parameter optimization by minimizing the mean square error between measured and modeled data. Redundancy in the estimation of media properties is given by spatial continuous measurements of the investigated media. This property is exploited in both the approaches investigated. In the layer-stripping approach the medium within each layer is homogeneous and the interfaces are assumed laterally continuous. In the inverse problem permittivity is assumed to be laterally smooth, implicit smoothing being given in the model parameterization. It is implicit in both methods that the inversion accuracy is strictly related to the amplitude stability of the radar and plane wave approximation. Therefore, the system calibration and the compensation of some propagation effects (e.g., near field, losses due to conductivity and to scattering from particles distributed between layers and on interfaces, pulse distortion) become crucial aspects for each specific application

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:35 ,  Issue: 2 )