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A microwave backscattering model for deformed first-year sea ice and comparisons with SAR data

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1 Author(s)
Carlström, A. ; Dept. of Radio & Space Sci., Chalmers Univ. of Technol., Goteborg, Sweden

Like-polarized backscattering from randomly tilted ice blocks in deformed first-year sea ice is modeled. An approximation for the coherent and incoherent scattering cross section of a single ice block is formulated and validated by comparison with moment method computations. It is found that the model is accurate for lossy ice blocks but underestimates the scattering when the loss is low, which is attributed to multiple scattering within the blocks. The backscattering coefficient is evaluated by averaging over an ensemble of blocks with a distribution of slopes and effects of shadowing are estimated. In situ measurements of ice ridge properties in the Baltic Sea are used as input when comparing the model results with coincident ERS-1 SAR data. The model is found to agree with the data to within 1.5 dB, where the discrepancies are mainly due to the uncertainty of the dielectric loss factor in the ice blocks. The model also shows good agreement with airborne 5.3 GHz SAR data of a first-year shear ridge in the Beaufort Sea for incidence angles between 25-50

Published in:

Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:35 ,  Issue: 2 )

Date of Publication:

Mar 1997

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