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It happened an explosion to a rig of United States in Mexico Gulf on April 20, 2010. The oil leak spreading rapidly has caused a serious pollution to Mexico Gulf, which brings about enormous environmental and economic losses. This paper makes a spectral analysis of the region of oil spill to reach the optimal composite band of false color based on MODIS data. What's more, we have achieved the algorithm of fuzzy clustering method (FCM) combined with the texture analysis by VC++ programming, resulting in the most obvious image of the segmentation of oil spill area.