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Modeling the human body shape in bioimpedance vector measurements

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5 Author(s)
Chul-Hyun Kim ; Coll. of Electron. Inf. Eng., Kyung Hee Univ., Yongin, South Korea ; Jae-Hyeon Park ; Hyeoijin Kim ; Sochung Chung
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Human body shape, called somatotype, has described physique of humans in health and sports applications, relating anthropometric measurements to fatness, muscularity and linearity in a structured way. Here we propose a new method based on bioelectric impedance vector analysis (BIVA) of R/H and Xc/H to represent the cross-sectional area and the body cell mass in a given surface area (m<;;sup>2<;;/sup>) respectively. Data from six gymnasts, ten dancers, and five fashion models, groups whose physiques and BMI ranges were distinct from one another, were measured for somatotype and BIVA. The models had highest values of the R/H and gymnasts the lowest. Xc/H was lower in models than in the dancers and gymnasts (p<;;0.05). Phase angle was lowest in the models and highest in gymnasts significantly (p<;;0.05). Pattern analysis from BIVA corresponded to the calculated anthropometric somatotype supporting the hypothesis that BIA's resistance (R) and reactance (Xc) are meaningful discriminates of body size and function which relate to physique in a purposive way.

Published in:

Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 2010 Annual International Conference of the IEEE

Date of Conference:

Aug. 31 2010-Sept. 4 2010