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Single-trial classification of auditory event-related potentials elicited by stimuli from different spatial directions

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2 Author(s)
Alvaro Fuentes Cabrera ; Center for Sensory-Motor Interaction, Department of Health Science and Technology, Aalborg University, 9220, Denmark ; Pablo Faundez Hoffmann

This study is focused on the single-trial classification of auditory event-related potentials elicited by sound stimuli from different spatial directions. Five naϊve subjects were asked to localize a sound stimulus reproduced over one of 8 loudspeakers placed in a circular array, equally spaced by 45°. The subject was seating in the center of the circular array. Due to the complexity of an eight classes classification, our approach consisted on feeding our classifier with two classes, or spatial directions, at the time. The seven chosen pairs were 0°, which was the loudspeaker directly in front of the subject, with all the other seven directions. The discrete wavelet transform was used to extract features in the time-frequency domain and a support vector machine performed the classification procedure. The average accuracy over all subjects and all pair of spatial directions was 76.5%, σ = 3.6. The results of this study provide evidence that the direction of a sound is encoded in single-trial auditory event-related potentials.

Published in:

2010 Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology

Date of Conference:

Aug. 31 2010-Sept. 4 2010