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Space-Time Independent Component Analysis: The definitive BSS technique to use in biomedical signal processing?

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2 Author(s)
Christopher J. James ; Institute of Digital Healthcare, WMG, University of Warwick, Coventry, CV4 7AL, UK ; Charmaine Demanuele

Independent Component Analysis (ICA) is a very common instantiation of the Blind Source Separation (BSS) problem. In the context of biomedical signal analysis, ICA is generally applied to multi-channel recordings of physiological phenomena in order to de-noise and extract meaningful information underlying the recordings. This paper assesses the Spatio-Temporal ICA (ST-ICA) framework, which uses both spatial and temporal information derived from multi-channel time-series to extract underlying sources. In contrast, the standard implementation of the ICA algorithm generally uses only limited spatial information to inform the separation process. One of the major steps in the implementation of any ICA algorithm is the selection of relevant components from the many ICA usually returns. With ST-ICA there is a rich data-set of components exhibiting spatial as well as temporal/spectral information that could be used to identify the underlying process subspaces extracted by the ST-ICA algorithm. This paper highlights the methodology for performing ST-ICA and assesses the possible ways in which process subspace identification may take place.

Published in:

2010 Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology

Date of Conference:

Aug. 31 2010-Sept. 4 2010