Cart (Loading....) | Create Account
Close category search window
 

Norm-Product Belief Propagation: Primal-Dual Message-Passing for Approximate Inference

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

2 Author(s)
Hazan, T. ; TTI, Chicago, IL, USA ; Shashua, A.

Inference problems in graphical models can be represented as a constrained optimization of a free-energy function. In this paper, we treat both forms of probabilistic inference, estimating marginal probabilities of the joint distribution and finding the most probable assignment, through a unified message-passing algorithm architecture. In particular we generalize the belief propagation (BP) algorithms of sum-product and max-product and tree-reweighted (TRW) sum and max product algorithms (TRBP) and introduce a new set of convergent algorithms based on “convex-free-energy” and linear-programming (LP) relaxation as a zero-temperature of a convex-free-energy. The main idea of this work arises from taking a general perspective on the existing BP and TRBP algorithms while observing that they all are reductions from the basic optimization formula of fihi where the function f is an extended-valued, strictly convex but nonsmooth and the functions hi are extended-valued functions (not necessarily convex). We use tools from convex duality to present the “primal-dual ascent” algorithm which is an extension of the Bregman successive projection scheme and is designed to handle optimization of the general type f + Σihi. We then map the fractional-free-energy variational principle for approximate inference onto the optimization formula above and introduce the “norm-product” message-passing algorithm. Special cases of the norm-product include sum-product and max-product (BP algorithms), TRBP and NMPLP algorithms. When the fractional-free-energy is set to be convex (convex-free-energy) the norm-product is globally convergent for the estimation of marginal probabilities and for approximating the LP-relaxation. We also introduce another branch of the norm-product which arises as the “zero-temperature” of the convex-free-energy which we refer to as the “c- - onvex-max-product”. The convex-max-product is convergent (unlike max-product) and aims at solving the LP- relaxation.

Published in:

Information Theory, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:56 ,  Issue: 12 )

Date of Publication:

Dec. 2010

Need Help?


IEEE Advancing Technology for Humanity About IEEE Xplore | Contact | Help | Terms of Use | Nondiscrimination Policy | Site Map | Privacy & Opting Out of Cookies

A not-for-profit organization, IEEE is the world's largest professional association for the advancement of technology.
© Copyright 2014 IEEE - All rights reserved. Use of this web site signifies your agreement to the terms and conditions.