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Single-Channel and Multi-Channel Sinusoidal Audio Coding Using Compressed Sensing

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5 Author(s)
Griffin, A. ; Dept. of Comput. Sci., Univ. of Crete, Heraklion, Greece ; Hirvonen, T. ; Tzagkarakis, C. ; Mouchtaris, A.
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Compressed sensing (CS) samples signals at a much lower rate than the Nyquist rate if they are sparse in some basis. In this paper, the CS methodology is applied to sinusoidally modeled audio signals. As this model is sparse by definition in the frequency domain (being equal to the sum of a small number of sinusoids), we investigate whether CS can be used to encode audio signals at low bitrates. In contrast to encoding the sinusoidal parameters (amplitude, frequency, phase) as current state-of-the-art methods do, we propose encoding few randomly selected samples of the time-domain description of the sinusoidal component (per signal segment). The potential of applying compressed sensing both to single-channel and multi-channel audio coding is examined. The listening test results are encouraging, indicating that the proposed approach can achieve comparable performance to that of state-of-the-art methods. Given that CS can lead to novel coding systems where the sampling and compression operations are combined into one low-complexity step, the proposed methodology can be considered as an important step towards applying the CS framework to audio coding applications.

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Audio, Speech, and Language Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:19 ,  Issue: 5 )