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The twisting and supertwisting algorithms, generating important classes of second order sliding modes (SOSMs), are well-recognized for their finite time stability and robustness properties. In the present paper, a continuous modification of the twisting algorithm and an inhomogeneous perturbation of the supertwisting algorithm are introduced to extend the class of SOSM's that present the afore-mentioned attractive features. Thus modified, the twisting and supertwisting algorithms are utilized in the state feedback synthesis and, respectively, velocity observer design, made for the finite time stabilization of a double integrator if only output measurements are available. Performance and robustness issues of the resulting output feedback synthesis are illustrated by means of numerical simulations.