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Initial Synchronisation of Wideband and UWB Direct Sequence Systems: Single- and Multiple-Antenna Aided Solutions

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2 Author(s)
SeungHwan Won ; Sch. of ECS, Univ. of Southampton, Southampton, UK ; Hanzo, L.

This survey guides the reader through the open literature on the principle of initial synchronisation in single-antenna-assisted single- and multi-carrier Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) as well as Direct Sequence-Ultra WideBand (DS-UWB) systems, with special emphasis on the DownLink (DL). There is a paucity of up-to-date surveys and review articles on initial synchronization solutions for MIMO-aided and cooperative systems - even though there is a plethora of papers on both MIMOs and on cooperative systems, which assume perfect synchronization. Hence this paper aims to fill the related gap in the literature.

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Communications Surveys & Tutorials, IEEE  (Volume:14 ,  Issue: 1 )