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Interferometric SAR Phase Filtering in the Wavelet Domain Using Simultaneous Detection and Estimation

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2 Author(s)
Yong Bian ; Department of Geomatics Engineering, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada ; Bryan Mercer

In this paper, two interferometric SAR (InSAR) phase-filtering methods are proposed. These methods are performed in the wavelet domain and employ the simultaneous detection and estimation technique. In the wavelet domain, closed-form estimator and detector equations are derived, based upon a quadratic cost function, to minimize the combined risk of detection and estimation and, thus, the least square errors. Both methods occur within the wavelet domain; however, the first method employs the wavelet packet, while the second method is performed in the undecimated wavelet domain. A major characteristic of InSAR phase data is that the noise level is spatially variable, and the proposed methods have a particularly good comparative performance in these situations. Tests are performed using simulated phase data and show that the proposed methods have lower root-mean-square error and less noisy fringes in the filtering results than those of three existing “state-of-the-art” wavelet-domain phase-filtering methods. Tests using real InSAR data also demonstrate the superiority of the proposed methods in terms of visual and quantitative evaluation.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  (Volume:49 ,  Issue: 4 )