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This study investigates the synthesis of chalcopyrite Cu2Si1-xSnxS3 (CSTS) thin films for photovoltaic solar cell absorber layers. Preliminary results indicate that layered sputtering of Cu, Sn, and Si followed by annealing in a sulfur atmosphere at 500°C does not provide adequate mixing or sulfur incorporation. Annealing/sulfurizing a homogeneous co-sputtered film of Cu, Sn, and S lead to CSTS formation, although low sulfur incorporation and undesired copper sulfide phase formation resolved. Sputtering from sulfide targets may lead to formation of CSTS.
Date of Conference: 20-25 June 2010