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This paper presents a new method for the estimation of surface temperature of a sheet using temperature sensors at different positions of the sheet. The proposed method is developed and designed in such a way that it can estimate the temperature profile over the entire sheet through its spatial harmonics and control the spatial harmonics to obtain the desired temperature profile. Computational cost is also considered during the development of the proposed method. A PI controller is used to control each spatial harmonic to achieve the desired temperature profile over the sheet. The proposed estimation method of the temperature profile is based on the two-dimensional FFT. Each component of the two-dimensional space temperature harmonics is controlled by adjusting the heater temperatures. The performance of the proposed temperature estimation technique is tested in simulation for different desired temperature profile to compare with a simple method of temperature estimation based on the weighted average temperature of the sensors surrounding the location of interest. Thereafter, the performance of the proposed temperature control technique based on the spatial harmonics is compared with the conventional control technique in simulation. The superiority of the proposed method for the estimation of temperatures and hence the accuracy of the developed controller and its prospective real-time application is evidenced by the results.