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This paper presents a efficient stand-alone battery photovoltaic (PV) lighting system which can provide functional illumination based on power light-emitting diodes (PLEDs). PLED with specific features of small size, long life and high-brightness light will be choices of future light sources. The PLEDs are feed using a lead acid battery that is charged with a PV panel. This paper presents an interface board with a ATMEL ATTINY861V microcontroller, a single-ended primary inductance converter (SEPIC) and input and output voltage and current measurements. The microcontroller runs the perturbation and observation (P&O) maximum power point tracker (MPPT) algorithm used in battery charging process. This algorithm makes the system more efficient. In order to control the PLEDs current, an equal interface board is used running now the proportional integral (PI) current PLED control algorithm adjusting the wanted level of light in the PLEDs array. The two identical interfaces boards based in the economic microprocessor achieved very good results in battery charging and discharge supervision improving the efficiency a life-time of the lead acid batteries (first board) and presents good current control results in the PLEDs array (second equal board) providing a constant PLEDs light even in voltage battery variations or discharges. The stand alone lighting system monitors the surround area and if it feels any movement it changes the level of light of PLEDs from signal light to illumination light. After a pre-defined time it comes back to signal light, saving energy.
Date of Conference: 8-10 Sept. 2010