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In this paper an enhanced decision-making strategy is presented for the detection of harmonic sources in power systems able to detect also which is the prevailing nature of the disturbance (nonlinearity or unbalance). It makes use of some simple indices, which are evaluated by means of the measurements of some nonactive power quantities, proposed by the authors and derived from the approach of the IEEE Std. 1459-2010. The decision-making rules for the proposed strategy are presented and discussed by means of simulation and experimental tests. The results obtained are presented, showing the effectiveness of the proposed strategy for the detection of the dominant harmonic source upstream or downstream the metering section.