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With reference to medium-voltage grid-connection of large photovoltaic (PV) plants, the paper proposes and analyses a high performance solution based on a power electronic transformer (PET). It Includes dc-links and multilevel converters either in low-voltage or in high-voltage side, and a medium-frequency (MF) transformer. Together with the very reduced sizes of the whole conversion apparatus, an important feature of the proposed topology is the permitted presence of unbalanced voltages on the different dc-links corresponding to the partitions of the PV plant. This is enabled by the multilevel cascaded H-bridge configuration of the low-voltage side converter, in order to take into account the nonuniform distribution either of temperature or (mainly) of solar radiation on the different cells arrays, together with eventual different kind or age of used cells. another advantageous feature is the good level of power quality indexes on grid quantities, ensured by a multilevel NPC front-end: mainly low values of either harmonic distortion, or voltage and current dissymmetry. this occurs even if the commutation frequency of the switching devices of this converter is not high (1÷2 kHz). However, the paper is mainly focused on the control technique of the multilevel converters connected to the primary and secondary windings of the MF transformer, imposing multistep- or square-wave voltages. Some simple control algorithms are presented in order to maximize the power generated by every partition of the plant (also in unbalanced operations) together with the minimization of the joule losses of the central conversion unit in quasi-stationary operating conditions.