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Real-Time Demand Response Model

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3 Author(s)
Antonio J. Conejo ; Univ. Castilla-La Mancha, Ciudad Real, Spain ; Juan M. Morales ; Luis Baringo

This paper describes an optimization model to adjust the hourly load level of a given consumer in response to hourly electricity prices. The objective of the model is to maximize the utility of the consumer subject to a minimum daily energy-consumption level, maximum and minimum hourly load levels, and ramping limits on such load levels. Price uncertainty is modeled through robust optimization techniques. The model materializes into a simple linear programming algorithm that can be easily integrated in the Energy Management System of a household or a small business. A simple bidirectional communication device between the power supplier and the consumer enables the implementation of the proposed model. Numerical simulations illustrating the interest of the proposed model are provided.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid  (Volume:1 ,  Issue: 3 )