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In this paper, we review our work on efficient interfaces between a silicon-on-insulator photonic IC and a single-mode optical fiber based on grating structures. Several device configurations are presented that provide high efficiency, polarization insensitive, and broadband optical coupling on a small footprint. The high alignment tolerance and the fact that the optical fiber interface is out-of-plane provide opportunities for easy packaging and wafer-scale testing of the photonic IC. Finally, an optical probe based on a grating structure defined on the fiber facet is described.