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Voice over IP (VoIP) is a widely recognized killer application of the Internet and it has been integrated within many services (for instance to enrich the on-line gaming experience). In addition, such feature is often natively supported by mobile devices equipped with IEEE 802.11-based communications, or by standard UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunication System) cellular phones. Nevertheless, Beyond 3rd Generation (B3G) telephony is expected to fully support IP-based communications. In this perspective, this paper analyzes the feasibility of adopting a simple framework, based on neural networks, to reserve bandwidth, when in presence of VoIP communications. The framework has been designed to be simply embeddable within a wide range of cost-effective consumer devices (e.g., xDSL modems, cellular phones and network appliances).