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A New Method for Online Determination of the Location of Switched Capacitor Banks in Distribution Systems

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4 Author(s)
Khani, H. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Isfahan Univ. of Technol., Isfahan, Iran ; Moallem, M. ; Sadri, S. ; Dolatshahi, M.

This paper describes two new approaches for the determination of the direction of switched capacitor banks as well as an efficient technique for estimating the distance of switched capacitors from the monitoring location in distribution systems. At first, two new indices based on branch voltage and current changes immediately after the capacitor switching instant are proposed for determining the direction of switched capacitor banks. The wavelet transform is used to detect the exact instant of switching. Then, a new technique based on linear circuit theory is proposed to estimate the distance of the switched capacitor bank from the monitoring location using capacitor switching transient data. Simulation results show that the error of the estimated distance is acceptable. A combination of the approaches for direction finding and the technique for distance estimation provide a novel method for determining the location of switched capacitor banks in real distribution systems. The method is valid in all normal, back-to-back, and abnormal switching of wye- and delta-configured capacitor banks. Also, the size of the capacitor bank has no effect on method accuracy. The efficacy of the proposed method is validated by using the IEEE 13-bus and 34-bus distribution systems.

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Power Delivery, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:26 ,  Issue: 1 )