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A Low Phase-Noise VCO Using an Electronically Tunable Substrate Integrated Waveguide Resonator

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5 Author(s)
Fan Fan He ; Poly-Grames Research Center, Department of Electrical Engineering, Ecole Polytechnique (University of Montreal), Montreal, Canada ; Ke Wu ; Wei Hong ; Liang Han
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In this paper, an X -band low phase-noise voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO) using a novel electronically tunable substrate integrated waveguide (SIW) resonator is proposed and developed for RF/microwave applications on the basis of the substrate integrated circuits concept. In this case, the resonant frequency of the SIW cavity resonator is tuned by different dc-biasing voltages applied over a varactor coupled to the cavity. Measured results show that the tuning range of the resonator is about 630 MHz with an unloaded Q U of 138. Subsequently, a novel reflection-type low phase noise VCO is developed by taking advantage of the proposed tunable resonator. Measured results demonstrate a frequency tuning range of 460 MHz and a phase noise of 88 dBc/Hz at a 100-kHz offset over all oscillation frequencies. The VCO is also able to deliver an output power from 6.5 to 10 dBm. This type of VCO is very suitable for low-cost microwave and millimeter-wave applications.

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IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques  (Volume:58 ,  Issue: 12 )