By Topic

Efficient MMSE Estimation and Uncertainty Processing for Multienvironment Robust Speech Recognition

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$33 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

4 Author(s)
José A. Gonzalez ; Department of Teoría de la Señal Telemática y Comunicaciones, Universidad de Granada, Spain ; Antonio M. Peinado ; Angel M. Gomez ; José L. Carmona

This paper presents a feature compensation framework based on minimum mean square error (MMSE) estimation and stereo training data for robust speech recognition. In our proposal, we model the clean and noisy feature spaces in order to obtain clean feature estimates. However, unlike other well-known MMSE compensation methods such as SPLICE or MEMLIN, which model those spaces with Gaussian mixture models (GMMs), in our case every feature space is characterized by a set of prototype vectors which can be alternatively considered as a vector quantization (VQ) codebook. The discrete nature of this feature space characterization introduces two significative advantages. First, it allows the implementation of a very efficient MMSE estimator in terms of accuracy and computational cost. On the other hand, time correlations can be exploited by means of hidden Markov modeling (HMM). In addition, a novel subregion-based modeling is applied in order to accurately represent the transformation between the clean and noisy domains. In order to deal with unknown environments, a multiple-model approach is also explored. Since this approach has been shown quite sensitive to incorrect environment classification, we adapt two uncertainty processing techniques, soft-data decoding and exponential weighting, to our estimation framework. As a result, environment miss-classifications are concealed, allowing a better performance under unknown environments. The experimental results on noisy digit recognition show a relative improvement of 87.93% in word accuracy regarding the baseline when clean acoustic models are used, while a 4.54% is achieved with multi-style trained models.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Audio, Speech, and Language Processing  (Volume:19 ,  Issue: 5 )