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Dielectric frequency-temperature compensation of high quality sapphire dielectric resonators

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4 Author(s)
M. E. Tobar ; Dept. of Phys., Western Australia Univ., Nedlands, WA, Australia ; J. Krupka ; E. N. Ivanov ; R. A. Woode

We show that it is possible to obtain frequency-temperature compensation in a sapphire dielectric resonator using a dielectric with opposite permittivity-temperature coefficient. The compensating dielectric should have low loss and a temperature-frequency dependence of opposite sign to sapphire. For example, monocrystalline strontium titanate and rutile fulfil these requirements. We show that by using this technique it is feasible to construct a microwave resonator with zero frequency-temperature dependence and a curvature of order 0.1 ppm/K 2. From the ratio of filling factors and the dielectric loss tangent we calculated that Q-factors of order 107 at 80 K and 105 near room temperature are possible, with good quality compensation materials. With a sapphire-SrTiO3 composite structure we obtained frequency-temperature compensation with a Q-factor of about 50,000 below 150 K. The low Q-factor achieved was due to the losses in the compensating dielectric. Another problem was due to the excess spurious modes that exist due to the high permittivity of the compensating dielectric. This can cause the temperature dependence to markedly degrade the curvature of compensation. Ways of countering this problem are discussed

Published in:

Frequency Control Symposium, 1996. 50th., Proceedings of the 1996 IEEE International.

Date of Conference:

5-7 Jun 1996