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Queue-Aware Distributive Resource Control for Delay-Sensitive Two-Hop MIMO Cooperative Systems

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3 Author(s)
Rui Wang ; Huawei Technol. Co., Ltd., Shenzhen, China ; Lau, V.K.N. ; Ying Cui

In this paper, we consider a queue-aware distributive resource control algorithm for two-hop MIMO cooperative systems. We shall illustrate that relay buffering is an effective way to reduce the intrinsic half-duplex penalty in cooperative systems. The complex interactions of the queues at the source node and the relays are modeled as an average-cost infinite horizon Markov decision process (MDP). The traditional approach solving this MDP problem involves centralized control with huge complexity. To obtain a distributive and low complexity solution, we introduce a linear structure which approximates the value function of the associated Bellman equation by the sum of per-node value functions. We derive a distributive two-stage two-winner auction-based control policy which is a function of the local CSI and local QSI only. Furthermore, to estimate the best fit approximation parameter, we propose a distributive online stochastic learning algorithm using stochastic approximation theory. Finally, we establish technical conditions for almost-sure convergence and show that under heavy traffic, the proposed low complexity distributive control is global optimal.

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Signal Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:59 ,  Issue: 1 )