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Localization and Fingerprint of Radio Signals Employing a Multichannel Photonic Analog-to-Digital Converter

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7 Author(s)
Llorente, R. ; Nanophotonics Technol. Centre (NTC), Univ. Politec. de Valencia, Valencia, Spain ; Morant, M. ; Puche, J.F. ; Romme, J.
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The fingerprint and localization of radio signals employing a multichannel photonic analog-to-digital converter (ADC) is proposed, analyzed, and demonstrated in a laboratory experiment. The photonic ADC detects the radio signals with high sensitivity in a large bandwidth without down-conversion stages. This is of special interest when processing emerging low-power wireless standards like ultra-wideband (UWB) radio. The optical processing in the multichannel photonic ADC is tailored for the localization and fingerprint of generic radio transmitters when orthogonal-frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) modulation is employed in the transmission. The photonic ADC includes engineered optical and electrical amplification. The experimental work demonstrates that detection of radio signals with -65 dBm power with signal-to-noise ratio better than 20 dB is feasible, which is in good accordance with the theoretical analysis. The multichannel photonic ADC comprises five optical channels which are precisely time-aligned in optical domain achieving 0.23-m spatial resolution (median) in the localization of radio transmitters. The experimental work also demonstrates that photonic-ADC processing is adequate for OFDM-based UWB radio-signal fingerprint including estimation of the average power, frequency band of operation, and time-frequency hopping pattern if applicable. UWB transmitter localization has been experimentally demonstrated with 0.4-m error.

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Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:58 ,  Issue: 11 )