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Polarization Phase Difference Analysis for Selection of Persistent Scatterers in SAR Interferometry

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2 Author(s)
Samsonov, S. ; Dept. of Earth Sci., Univ. of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada ; Tiampo, K.

In this letter, we propose a technique for selecting persistent scatterers (PSs) based on their polarization phase difference (PPD). We analyze a normalized PPD between HH and VV channels averaged over a temporal set of images and select pixels that demonstrate predominantly even or odd bounce scattering properties. We compare selected scatterers to PSs selected by applying an amplitude dispersion threshold as suggested by a standard PS interferometry (PSI) approach and show that both methods are complementary. However, the proposed approach can be potentially used on a small set of synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images, which can be beneficial in the early stage of data acquisition. We apply the proposed technique to produce a deformation map for the San Francisco region from six quad-pol RADARSAT-2 SAR images acquired during 2008-2009. The coverage and the precision of the produced deformation map are higher than if it was calculated with the standard PSI technique applied to the same data set.

Published in:

Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, IEEE  (Volume:8 ,  Issue: 2 )