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High accuracy in complex images coregistration is essential in ground moving target indication (GMTI) processing of synthetic aperture radar (SAR) data, normally termed SAR-GMTI. The clutter suppression performance is proportional to the coregistration accuracy. In this correspondence, we propose a new SAR-GMTI approach, which is robust to the SAR images coregistration error. The observed clutter-plus-noise vector is built using the neighboring pixels as the first step, thus the corresponding covariance matrix, termed as joint covariance matrix, can be estimated. The joint noise subspace is obtained by eigen-decomposing of the joint covariance matrix. The clutter is suppressed successfully by a projecting operation, i.e., a projection of the joint observed vector into the resulting joint noise subspace. The information of neighboring pixels is substantially exploited in the clutter suppression, resulting in the robustness, even at the presence of large coregistration error. Both the simulated and real multi-channel airborne data are used to validate the proposed approach.
Aerospace and Electronic Systems, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:46 , Issue: 4 )
Date of Publication: Oct. 2010