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Micro-Doppler Signature Extraction from Ballistic Target with Micro-Motions

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4 Author(s)
Hongwei Gao ; Second Acad. of China Aerosp. Sci. & Ind. Corp., China ; Lianggui Xie ; Shuliang Wen ; Yong Kuang

Precession and nutation of the warhead and the wobble of decoys are the typical micro-motions of ballistic targets, and micro-Doppler analysis is a new way to investigate micro-motions. Based on the difference of micro-motions between the warhead and decoys, micro-Doppler signatures might be extracted for radar target identification, which is seen as a good method and a technique of great potential. We build micro-motion models of a ballistic missile target, including precession, nutation, and wobble; develop a novel model of micro-Doppler modulations based on the proposed concept of the micro-motion matrix; derive the formulas of micro-Doppler induced by the three micro-motions; and verify them by simulation studies. In order to further approach the actual case, the effective point scatterer model and the occlusion effect are considered in micro-Doppler, and the simulated results are shown compared with ones under the fixed point scatterer model and without the occlusion effect. In addition the precession experiment is performed in a microwave chamber, and the measured result is in accordance with the simulated result and the computed result.

Published in:

Aerospace and Electronic Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:46 ,  Issue: 4 )