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To improve our understanding of slot partial discharge (PD) mechanisms, an accelerated aging test was initiated two years ago. This long-term experiment is being performed on six stator bars subjected to slot PDs under electrical, thermal and mechanical stresses. It is well known that slot PD activity in air-cooled generators is harmful to the stator winding ground insulation. The degradation induced by slot PDs will modify the physical properties of the surfaces of the cavity where PDs take place and this in turn will influence the slot PD process. To understand the evolution of slot PD activity and the changes in its PRPD (Phased Resolved Partial Discharge) pattern, it is therefore essential to recognize and understand the interdependence between surface modifications and PD signals. This paper presents results of visual observations of stator bar surface degradation, changes in surface conductivity and the effect on the evolution of PD signals in the presence of slot PD activity under conditions of electrical, thermal and mechanical stresses.
Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:17 , Issue: 5 )
Date of Publication: October 2010