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In this paper, we present a vision for the cointegration of deeply scaled complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) and emerging nanoelectronic devices into CMOS-hybrid systems. These hybrid systems will create new functionality, modality and add value to existing CMOS integrated circuits. We describe several new nanoelectronic devices which may enable new dimensions to traditional CMOS circuits and systems that build on CMOS compatible, parallel nanoscale fabrication methods. In addition, we show that the integration of multimodal sensors and nonvolatile memory enables a platform of self-evolving hardware that is able to adapt to fabrication variation, environmental changes, and applications changes on-the-fly.