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Adaptive Traffic Light Control in Wireless Sensor Network-Based Intelligent Transportation System

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4 Author(s)
Binbin Zhou ; Dept. of Comput., Hong Kong Polytech. Univ., Hong Kong, China ; Jiannong Cao ; Xiaoqin Zeng ; Hejun Wu

We investigate the problem of adaptive traffic light control using real-time traffic information collected by a wireless sensor network (WSN). Existing studies mainly focused on determining the green light length in a fixed sequence of traffic lights. In this paper, we propose an adaptive traffic light control algorithm that adjusts both the sequence and length of traffic lights in accordance with the real time traffic detected. Our algorithm considers a number of traffic factors such as traffic volume, waiting time, vehicle density, etc., to determine green light sequence and the optimal green light length. Simulation results demonstrate that our algorithm produces much higher throughput and lower vehicle's average waiting time, compared with a fixed-time control algorithm and an actuated control algorithm. We also implement proposed algorithm on our transportation testbed, iSensNet, and the result shows that our algorithm is effective and practical.

Published in:

Vehicular Technology Conference Fall (VTC 2010-Fall), 2010 IEEE 72nd

Date of Conference:

6-9 Sept. 2010