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Hierarchical and Adaptive Spectrum Sensing in Cognitive Radio Based Multi-Hop Cellular Networks

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4 Author(s)
Hongcheng Zhuang ; Commun. Technol. Lab., Huawei Technol. Co., Ltd., Shenzhen, China ; Zezhou Luo ; Jietao Zhang ; Yanikomeroglu, H.

In a spectrum overlay system, the secondary users (SUs) with cognitive radio capability need to detect the presence of primary users promptly and reliably in order to prevent excessive interference. Likewise, to make full use of the available spectra, such systems have to attain low false alarm probability. Having a high detection probability while maintaining a low false alarm probability is challenging as these are conflicting goals; therefore, an appropriate tradeoff needs to be determined. In this paper we propose a "Hierarchical and Adaptive Spectrum Sensing (HASS)" solution to multi-hop cellular networks, which is based on cooperative sensing and soften hard detection fusion mechanisms with one-bit overhead. SUs that are able to make local detection decisions either directly report their one-bit decisions to the cognitive radio base station or they relay their decisions to other favorable SUs based on the states of their reporting channels. If SUs can not make detection decisions, they relay the observed signals to other favorable SUs for further processing. Simulation results show HASS solution improves spectrum sensing performance in multi-hop cellular networks.

Published in:

Vehicular Technology Conference Fall (VTC 2010-Fall), 2010 IEEE 72nd

Date of Conference:

6-9 Sept. 2010