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Although memory is an important constraint in embedded sensor nodes, existing embedded applications and systems are typically designed to work under the memory constraints of a single platform and do not consider the interplay between memory and flash storage. In this paper, we present the design of a memory-adaptive flash-based embedded sensor system that allows an application to exploit the presence of flash and adapt to different amounts of RAM on the embedded device. We describe how such a system can be exploited by data-centric sensor applications. Our design involves several novel features: flash and memory-efficient storage and indexing, techniques for efficient storage reclamation, and intelligent buffer management to maximize write coalescing. Our results show that our system is highly energy-efficient under different workloads, and can be configured for embedded sensor platforms with memory constraints ranging from a few kilobytes to hundreds of kilobytes.
Date of Conference: 23-25 Aug. 2010