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Notice of Retraction
After careful and considered review of the content of this paper by a duly constituted expert committee, this paper has been found to be in violation of IEEE's Publication Principles.
We hereby retract the content of this paper. Reasonable effort should be made to remove all past references to this paper.
The presenting author of this paper has the option to appeal this decision by contacting TPII@ieee.org.
Basic on intrinsic problems in economic activities of construction and special organization form of productivity in construction industry, this paper studies system of construction labor service and employment and holds that construction labor service should offer organized employment in the form of contract labor and develop toward specialization and technician professionalization; at the same time, large or large-medium sized general contractor separates management layer from labor layer and doesn't directly employ construction labor. Construction labor is intensive in those professional and labor cooperative companies (medium-small sized) and workers are employed in the form of “contract worker”. Specialization and professionalization is the road for them to walk. On the other hand, the Chinese-featured Vocational Education and Training System should be realized by the following works, first, to set a certain number of construction technical schools in the small and medium-sized cities and towns in the whole country, which are specialized in cultivating construction-skilled workers. Second, to establish some certain training centers in construction (i.e. skills training centers) in the small and medium-sized cities (towns) by the local governments (or authorized trade associations), offering pre-vocational training on construction services. For the China construction industry, the reform of the above technical schools including the secondary schools of construction and the foundation of region- l training centers eliminate the defects of the existing vocational education and training system, and thus effectively improve the construction productivity.