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Joint Subcarrier Pairing and Power Allocation for OFDM Transmission With Decode-and-Forward Relaying

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3 Author(s)
Chih-Ning Hsu ; MStar Semiconductor Inc., ChuPei, Hsinchu Hsien, Taiwan ; Hsuan-Jung Su ; Pin-Hsun Lin

In this paper, a point-to-point orthogonal-frequency- division multiplexing (OFDM) system with a decode-and- forward (DF) relay is considered. The transmission consists of two hops. The source transmits in the first hop, and the relay transmits in the second hop. Each hop occupies one time slot. The relay is half-duplex, and capable of decoding the message on a particular subcarrier in one time slot, and re-encoding and forwarding it on a different subcarrier in the next time slot. Thus, each message is transmitted on a pair of subcarriers in two hops. It is assumed that the destination is capable of combining the signals from the source and the relay pertaining to the same message. The goal is to maximize the weighted sum rate of the system by jointly optimizing subcarrier pairing and power allocation on each subcarrier in each hop. The weighting of the rates is to take into account the fact that different subcarriers may carry signals for different services. Both total and individual power constraints for the source and the relay are investigated. For the situations where the relay does not transmit on some subcarriers because doing so does not improve the weighted sum rate, we further allow the source to transmit new messages on these idle subcarriers. To the best of our knowledge, such a joint optimization inclusive of the destination combining has not been discussed in the literature. The problem is first formulated as a mixed integer programming problem. It is then transformed to a convex optimization problem by continuous relaxation, and solved in the dual domain. Based on the optimization results, algorithms to achieve feasible solutions are also proposed. Simulation results show that the proposed algorithms almost achieve the optimal weighted sum rate and outperform the existing methods in various channel conditions.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing  (Volume:59 ,  Issue: 1 )