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This paper presents the design, implementation and demonstration results from the ongoing ESA ARTES project “SFEDONA”. The SFEDONA project deals with a complete end-to-end fire detection and alerting application which employs state-of-the-art satellite and wireless communications air interfaces as well as advanced technologies in fire detection, alerting and propagation estimation based on terrestrial optical cameras, weather meteorological stations and environmental sensors. In particular, this paper presents in detail the SFEDONA system architecture, discusses critical design and implementation issues and provides information on the trials and demonstrations results from the related in-lab validation activities. Well field-proven multi-sensor data fusion algorithms, which are widely used in the fire protection domain, are also analyzed. Moreover, emphasis is put on the critical comparison of state-of-the-art satellite IP technologies as well as to the detailed design of the satellite IP network solution actually implemented in the project.