Skip to Main Content
A new mathematical tool, the geometric algebra of Euclidean 3-space (G3), is introduced for electromagnetic vector-sensor array processing herein. This paper focuses on modeling the six-component outputs of a vector-sensor holistically by an entry called as a multivector in G3. A compact polarized model for the array, termed as a geometric algebra model (G-MODEL), is then presented. Using the G-MODEL, a novel data covariance matrix model is defined by the geometric products in G3 and then analyzed. The analytical results show that the six-component measurement noise of a vector-sensor can naturally be whitened if the noise cross-correlations between the different axial electric and magnetic components are equal to one another. Compared with the known best quad-quaternion model, the new covariance matrix model results in a reduction of half memory requirements while the amount of divisions is reduced to 1/2, multiplications and additions reduced to almost 1/7.
Date of Publication: Dec. 2010