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Wideband and Low Sidelobe Slot Antenna Fed by Series-Fed Printed Array

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2 Author(s)
Bayderkhani, R. ; Electr. & Electron. Eng. Dept., Shahed Univ., Tehran, Iran ; Hassani, H.R.

A combination of slots and series-fed patch antenna array is introduced leading to an array antenna with wide bandwidth, low sidelobe level (SLL), and high front-to-back ratio (F/B). Three structures are analyzed. The first, the reference structure, is the conventional series-fed microstrip antenna array that operates at 16.26 GHz with a bandwidth of 3%, SLL of -24 dB, and F/B of 23 dB. The second is similar to the reference structure, but a large slot that covers the patch array is removed from the ground plane. This results in a wide operating bandwidth of over 72% for , with a 3 dB gain bandwidth of over 15.9%. The SLL of this structure is improved to more than at 16.26 GHz, and stable SLL of over 15.5-16.4 GHz band is also exhibited. This structure has a bi-directional radiation pattern. To make the pattern uni-directional and increase the F/B, a third structure is analyzed. In this structure, rather than one single large slot, an array of slots is used and a reflector is placed above the series-fed patch array. This increases the F/B to 40 dB. The simulated and measured results are presented and discussed.

Published in:

Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:58 ,  Issue: 12 )