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Call Admission Control (CAC) between heterogeneous networks, such as an integrated 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) Long Term Evolution (LTE) network and a Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN), plays an important role to utilize the system resources in a more efficient way. In this paper, we propose that the preference to the WLAN is determined based on the traffic load in the WLAN and the location of the cellular users. Our analysis relies on a previous study that divides the 3G cellular coverage area into zones based on the amount of resources that are required to support a connection to a mobile user. Using this model, we derive new call blocking and handoff failure probabilities as well as new call and handoff attempt failure probabilities. Through simulations, we investigate proper preference settings by changing the WLAN load in a 3 ring-based sector with a WLAN hotspot.
Date of Publication: October 2010